Enamel Erosion: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

Enamel Erosion: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

Did you know that your teeth are composed of multiple layers named dentin and enamel? The outer layer is called enamel which protects teeth against physical and chemical injury. It is known as the toughest tissue in our body even tougher than bone.

Enamel act as the first line of defence for the teeth against food and bodily fluids we are exposed to. The wear and tear caused by the chemical are called enamel erosion.

enamel erosion

What Are the Causes of Enamel Erosion?

The enamel is eroded by the acids found in foods and liquids. When there is constant Saliva, in my mouth it neutralizes the acid and protects the teeth from erosion. In some cases when a person consumes a lot of acidic food, drinks water doesn’t brush their teeth then the outer layer of enamel will damage over time.

Enamel erosion can be a result of the following food you consume:

  • Sweet foods, such as syrups, chocolates, and caramel.
  • White bread that contains starch.
  • Citrus fruits, berries, and acidic food.
  • Various drinks and juices.
  • Sodas, which contain citric acid and phosphoric acid with sugar.
  • Excess vitamin C fruits.

Other reasons for enamel erosion are as follows:

  • Grinding or clenching your teeth.
  • Stomach problems such as gastroesophageal reflux disease.
  • Xerostomiaor less saliva. 
  • Consistent use of certain medications, such as aspirin.
  • Eating disorders that expose teeth to stomach acid.

What Are the Symptoms of Enamel Erosion?  

There are many Symptoms of tooth enamel erosion, but the following are often seen:

  • Increased sensitivity to taste, hot and cold.
  • Cracks on the teeth surface.
  • Teeth discolouration.
  • Depressions on the teeth surface.
  • Pain is a symptom of significant erosion means your enamel is wearing away.
  • Your front teeth will start looking transparent near the edges where you bite.

Enamel erosion can lead to complications if it is not prevented or arrested on time. The complications include:

  • Rough teeth edges.
  • Shiny spots on the teeth surface.
  • Increased tooth cavities.
  • The gradual wearing of enamel
  • Chipped teeth

enamel erosion

What Is the Treatment for Enamel Erosion?

Consumption of food frequently whether snacks or acidic drinks can lead you to a high risk of teeth erosion. There are some ways to reduce your risk for tooth enamel erosion which is keeping acidic foods to a minimum.

If you take carbonated drinks or fruit juice, using a straw can minimize the drink’s contact with the teeth. Chewing Xylitol gum which is a sugar-free gum can help you by encouraging your mouth to yield more saliva. Saliva neutralizes the acid and helps the teeth to recover from contact with excess acid.

Have you experienced significant enamel erosion? If yes, then a dentist can help you with a few techniques. The first technique is known as tooth bonding. Tooth Bonding is a procedure in which a tooth-coloured material known as the resin is applied to a damaged tooth. It is an option if you want to consider tooth bonding for a discoloured tooth due to enamel erosion of front teeth.  

In more severe cases, the dentist may recommend a veneer or crown to your damaged teeth to avert further decay. The best way to treat enamel erosion is to prevent it from the beginning. Even if it has started, you can still prevent it from becoming severe by looking after your teeth with good oral hygiene.